5.1. Course Kit Guide

The course includes a kit of electronic parts which will enable a wide array of small projects. Students are responsible for their own mechanical or structural materials, project housings, or decorative elements. The following is a quick visual guide to everything provided in the kit. For reference, the total cost is about $40 per kit in bulk.

5.1.1. Inventory

Description Kit Quantity Approximate Price Each
Arduino-Compatible Uno R3 EDArduino incl. USB cable 1 $7.20
9G Micro-Servo (For RC Helicopter Boat Plane Car) 2 $3.10
SPST lever microswitch 4 $1.10
IRF540 MOSFETs 5 $0.85
Solderless Breadboard, Long 1 $4.00
ADXL335 Triple-Axis Accelerameter Module 1 $2.30
General Wire Kit (Approx 65pcs) 1 $2.10
assorted 5mm colored LEDs 20 $0.10
HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Proximity Sensor 1 $1.30
Mini Speaker, 0.5W, 8Ohm 2 $0.60
Photointerrupter, through-beam, V69 605 TCST 1103 1 $1.05
Photointerrupter, reflective, NPN Phototransistor, LTH 1550-01 3 $0.35
7805 regulator, TO-220 2 $0.50
Sterilte 6 Qt container with lid, 1642 1 $1.00
1N4004 diode 5 $0.10
ULN2003A Darlington Driver, Transceiver, DIP16 2 $0.20
SPST momentary switches 5 $0.05
SPDT slide switches 5 $0.05
5mm Mini Photocell, CdS photoresistor 4 $0.05
resistor, 1/4W, 10K 10 $0.01
resistor, 1/4W, 220 ohm 10 $0.01
resistor, 1/4W, 100 ohm 10 $0.01
resistor, 1/4W, 5.6K 10 $0.01

5.1.2. Core Components Arduino


The Arduino is the tiny computer (microcontroller) we will programming in this course. It also comes with a blue USB cable (not shown) to plug into a laptop in order to program it. We will also power it from the laptop, although it can run independently if provided a suitable power source.

purchasing link Solderless Breadboard


The solderless breadboard provides a workspace for building circuits. Jumper wires and many components can be inserted directly into the holes. The kit includes one short breadboard.

The color highlights show some of the connected circuit points: each long row is internally tied together, as are each of the short rows. Building a breadboard circuit requires translating the logical connections of a schematic into a physical layout in which all component pins constituting a single electrical node are electrically connected, either via the internal breadboard connections or jumper wires.

Note that the breadboard may have adjacent long rows labeled + and -, but it can be a dangerous practice to wire it with power this way since it is becomes especially easy to miswire a lead intended for ground to the positive supply. A safer practice is to use one pair of long rows for V+ and the other for ground.

purchasing link Jumper Wires


The jumper wire kit is used to build circuits. The pins can plug either into the Arduino connectors or the breadboard circuit points.

purchasing link 5.6K Resistors

../_images/resistor-5.6K.png ../_images/resistor-5600-symbol.png

These are 5.6K (5600 Ohm) resistors we will use as ‘pull-up’ resistors for switches and photosensors. The green-blue-red-gold color bands indicate the value using the standard resistor code code. Green-blue indicates ‘56’, and red adds two zeros for ‘5600’ ohms. The gold band indicates a +/- 5% tolerance on this value. These are carbon-composition resistors rated at 1/4 Watt dissipation. 270 Ohm Resistors

../_images/resistor-270.png ../_images/resistor-270-symbol.png

These are 270 Ohm resistors we will use as ‘dropping’ resistors for LEDs. The red-violet-brown-gold color bands indicate the value using the standard resistor code code. Red-violet indicates ‘27’, and brown adds one zero for ‘270’ ohms. The gold band indicates a +/- 5% tolerance on this value. These are carbon-composition resistors rated at 1/4 Watt dissipation.

5.1.3. Sensing (Input) Switches

../_images/Common-Button-Key-Kit-5-10-PTH-02-350x350.jpg ../_images/spst-switch-symbol.png ../_images/spdt-switch-symbol.png

Several small switches are provided. This usually need to be connected in a simple circuit with a resistor to produce a change in electrical voltage or current from a mechanical input.

purchasing link Photoresistor

../_images/photocell1-400x400.jpg ../_images/photocell-symbol.png

The photoresistor is a simple optical transducer which changes resistance in response to overall light level.

purchasing link HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Ranger

../_images/HC-SR04-Ultrasonic-Proximity-sensor-350x350.jpg ../_images/sonar-symbol.png

The ultrasonic ranger is a single-channel sonar which emits short pulses of ultrasonic sound and times the interval until an echo is detected. They can be used for detecting proximity and measuring distance.

wiki page, purchasing link Accelerometer Module

../_images/ADXL335-Module-Triple-accelerameter-Analog-Output1.jpg ../_images/ADXL335-with-pins.jpg ../_images/adxl335-symbol.png

The 3-axis ADXL335 accelerometer is an inertial sensor which measures either tilt or acceleration. This module also includes a voltage regulator to reduce a 3-5V supply to a safe supply voltage for the sensor.

The sensor chip on the module is an ADXL335: home page, datasheet.

Note: the pins are included unassembled in the package and must be soldered to the board.

purchasing link

5.1.4. Actuation (Output) LEDs

../_images/Common-3mm-5mm-Colored-LEDs-Kit-7-Kinds10PCs-01-350x350.jpg ../_images/led-symbol.png

Several LEDs are provided. This must be used with an appropriate resistor to limit the total current.

purchasing link Micro Servo

../_images/Micro-9g-Servo-For-RC-Helicopter-Boat-Plane-Car.jpg ../_images/servo-symbol.png

The micro servo is a motor with position control. The Arduino can generate a particular control signal indicating the angular position to which the servo should rotate. Internally it has a gearmotor, position sensor, and feedback circuit to reach and hold a target angle.

purchasing link Transistor Driver Integrated Circuit

../_images/uln2003a.jpg ../_images/uln2003-symbol.png

The ULN2003 is an integrated circuit with seven output channels capable of driving a motor, speaker or solenoid at higher power levels than the Arduino can itself provide.

purchasing link Speaker

../_images/0.5W-8-Ohm-Mini-Speaker-1.jpg ../_images/speaker-symbol.png

The speaker (half-watt, 8-ohm) can be driven with the ULN2003 to make tones. Wires will need to be soldered to the pads in order to connect to the breadboard.

purchasing link