Jan 25, 2022, 12:20PM to 2:10PM

Welcome! The main objectives for today are reviewing your first hands-on pneumatics mechanisms and continuing to look at precedents in the field.


  1. How to sign up for Office Hours
  2. Next week in-person! Meet in Hunt Studio A (106B)

Homework Review

We’ll spend the first half of the class reviewing and discussing pneumatic mechanisms you created for the second assignment. There are a lot of posts to explore and we’d like everyone to have a chance, so we’ll keep the pace moving along. When your post comes up, please try to keep your explanation concise but give each example enough time that we can digest your experiment. As others talk, please always be thinking of the question you might ask.


We will randomly assign two or three per breakout room for a quick five-minute integrative discussion. Please discuss the work we’ve just reviewed and come up with a novel project idea inspired by the examples. No constraints at this stage: these could be extravagant and imaginative, but please include some elements of costume and air. Also discuss, what worked, what didn’t work, and what you think has potential. Afterward, we’ll all meet again for a quick round of explaining your project idea.


Five-minute mid-class rest break.


  • Research Literature Viewings (selections appear below in References)
  • Art & Design Viewings (links to slideshow)

While you are viewing the slideshows, make notes on the examples that you find particularly engaging. As a group we will create a list of topics to create breakout rooms to discuss your favorite works from the slideshows.

Precedent Research – Out in the World

The next assignment is to continue the precedent research for inspiring works. This time we want you to find new works that are not on the shared Resource document. This will help us continue to build our collective knowledge of art and design work in the field.


  1. The third assignment is due before class on Thursday.


  • S. Liu et al., “Otariidae-Inspired Soft-Robotic Supernumerary Flippers by Fabric Kirigami and Origami,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 2747–2757, Oct. 2021, doi: 10.1109/TMECH.2020.3045476. (Video available at bottom of DOI page).
  • P. H. Nguyen and W. Zhang, “Design and Computational Modeling of Fabric Soft Pneumatic Actuators for Wearable Assistive Devices,” Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, Art. no. 1, Jun. 2020, doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-65003-2.
  • L. H. Blumenschein, N. S. Usevitch, B. H. Do, E. W. Hawkes, and A. M. Okamura, “Helical actuation on a soft inflated robot body,” in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Soft Robotics (RoboSoft), Apr. 2018, pp. 245–252. doi: 10.1109/ROBOSOFT.2018.8404927.
  • M. Degiorgi et al., “Puffy — An inflatable robotic companion for pre-schoolers,” in 2017 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), Aug. 2017, pp. 35–41. doi: 10.1109/ROMAN.2017.8172277.
  • A. A. Amiri Moghadam et al., “Laser Cutting as a Rapid Method for Fabricating Thin Soft Pneumatic Actuators and Robots,” Soft Robotics, vol. 5, no. 4, Art. no. 4, Jun. 2018, doi: 10.1089/soro.2017.0069.
  • H. Sareen et al., “Printflatables: Printing Human-Scale, Functional and Dynamic Inflatable Objects,” in Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, New York, NY, USA, May 2017, pp. 3669–3680. doi: 10.1145/3025453.3025898.
  • ACM SIGCHI, Printflatables: Printing Human-Scale, Functional and Dynamic Inflatable Objects, (May 02, 2017). Accessed: Feb. 24, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DYLV9v1YuwU&feature=emb_logo